Tonsillitis is known as infection, inflammation or swelling of the tonsils but basically it is the inflammation of the glands. Tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of mouth and top of the throat and normally they help to filter out germs just as bacteria and other germs to prevent infection in the body. It is mostly common disease in children but it can occur at any age.
Mostly tonsillitis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection or by viruses, mostly transmitted from one person to another by social contact such as droplets in the air from sneezing. The herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Streptococcus pyogenes, adenovirus, cytomegalovirus and the measles virus cause most cases of acute tonsillitis.
During tonsillitis, individuals feel difficulty in swallowing. Other symptoms include fever, chills, ear pain, headache, and tenderness of the jaw and throat. Bad breath is also a symptom of tonsillitis. Some other symptoms are loss of voice or changes in the voice, too much pain in the throat and white or yellow patches on the tonsils.
Pain relief, anti-inflammatory, fever reducing medications are most comfortable treatment of tonsillitis. Some medicines like acetaminophen, ibuprofen can be used to reduce pain and fever. Other treatments such as drink cold liquids or suck on popsicles, drink fluids, especially warm (not hot), and gargle with warm salt water are also helpful.