Hajj is a religious duty on Muslims. It must be carried out by each Muslim once in the life who has enough resources and bodily vigor to go to Makkah and perform the Hajj. Hajj normally falls between 8th to 12th of Zil Hajj. It is the last Islamic calendar month.
Sacrificing animals usually goat or sheep is also done during Hajj, but many people sacrifice cows or camels. A goat can be offered as sacrifice from one person but cow can be shared between seven persons. Islamic Development Bank has sets up booth around Makkah and Mina to sell the slaughtering coupons for sacrificial animals. Sacrificing camel is the Sunnah of our Holy Prophet (peace be Upon him) but he also sacrificed other animals. There can be seven shares in the sacrifice of camel. The camel should be of five years age before sacrificing. The camel of any animal for sacrifice should not be sick, wounded or crippled. 10th of Zil Hajj is the proper day for sacrifice but it can be done till 13th.
Distances of Haram boundaries from Masjid AlharamARAFAT 22KM
Ka’bah is located inside the Masjid Alharam but the Haram Makkah is spread over an area of 550 sq km. Boundaries of Haram Makkah are shown above giving approximate distances of various locations from Masjid Alharam.
For the first time Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) under guidance of Jibrail (A.S) demarcated the boundaries of Haram Makkah and fixed stone markers on the boundary lines.
After conquering Makkah in Ramadan 08 (AH) Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) sent Tameem bin Asad Khazaie to renew the boundaries of Harram Makkah. 943 markers were fixed on the boundary lines some of which were on mountains and some were in the valleys. Most of the markers have disappeared now and can not be seen these days. Boundaries of Haram Makkah can be recognized from prominent points such as Arafat, Altanaim etc.