Sciatica is like a common leg pain or back pain that affect the back, hip and outer side of the leg. Sciatica consists of leg pain, which might feel like a bad leg cramp, shooting pain that makes standing or sitting nearly impossible or it can be excruciating.
The pain might be worse when person sneeze, sit and cough. Sciatica may occur suddenly or may be gradually. It can occur at any age but it is very uncommon in young people. Mostly it affects people aged from 30 to 50 years. Almost 80% to 90% people completely recover from sciatica. Sciatica is not a condition, it’s a symptom of any other problem related to sciatic nerve.
Sciatica pain is caused due to both sensory and muscular abnormalities. This pain may be felt by the pinched sciatica nerves. These pinched nerves may be caused by muscle spasms, tense muscles or damage to the vertebrae and slipped disks.
Some other conditions are also cause sciatica such as slipped disc or herniated or bulging disc that pinches the sciatica nerve, pirformis syndrome can irritate the sciatic nerve that causing pain and Spondyolisthesis narrows opening the nerve and causes pain. Trauma to the spine and back injury can also leads sciatica.
The most common symptom is hip, thigh pain and pain in the sciatic nerve. Some other symptoms are shooting pains from the buttock and down the leg, a cramping sensation of the thigh, a burning sensation in the thigh. Patients may feel tingling or pins-and-needles sensations in the legs and thighs.
There are a lot many treatments of sciatica pain like medication, physical therapy, spinal injections and surgery. Anti-inflammatory drugs can help to relief the sciatica pain, allowing for increased mobility and stiffness.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can also be helpful. Muscle relaxants like cyclobenzaprine or flexeril may be prescribed to relieve the discomfort. Exercise and physical therapy can also help to get relief from this pain.