Maulana Abul A'ala Maudoodi is one of the prominent Islamic scholars in the history of Pakistan. He was born in undivided India in Aurangabad in the state of Hyderabad. His father's name was Maulana Ahmad Hasan who was a lawyer. His family belonged to the Chishti lineage which is a renowed line of saints. He got early education at home by his father and many teachers deputed by his father. He did complete his secondary and undergraduate studies from Madrasah Furqaniyah and Darul Uloom, Hyderabad. At a very little age of 14 he translated a book of Qasim Amin titled “The New Woman” into Urdu and also 35000 pages from a book “Asfar”, which was written by a Sufi Persian thinker Mulla Sadra.
He also edited many publications like Madeena' Banjnour, Taj Jabal Pur and Al-Jamiat which belonged to Jamiat e Ulema Hind. In that early span of life he also composed many impressive editorials and analysis which got him recognition as a journalist. He refused to write for the Daily Hamdrad which was being brought out by Maulana Muhammed Ali Johar. After that he participated in Khilafat Movement, Emigration from India Movement and also Satya Gera Movement. He resigned from the editorship of Al-Jamiat as a protest against Jamiat Ulema e Hind for their making an alliance with Congress. He opposed the one nation theory.
Maulana Maudoodi founded Jamaat e Islami in 1941 with the soul purpose of promoting Islamic education, values and practices. Initially Jamaat opposed the creation of Pakistan by Muslim league due to their un-Islamic outlook but once the Pakistan was created it started supporting it for the sake of progress of a new Islamic state of their own.
He along with Jamat e Islami started a campaign against Qadiyani community which resulted in riots in 1953. He was arrested by the military establishment and sentenced to death on the charges of writing and distributing a pamphlet about Qadiyani issue. Afterwards his punishment was converted to life imprisonment and later was released on strong public pressure.
He remained the Ameer of Jamat till 1972 when he refused to offer his services as Ameer due to health problems. Maulana Maudoodi wrote about 120 Books and pamphlets and delivered about 1000 speeches and press statements. His main contribution towards Islam was the Tafheem ul Quran tafseer which got immense recognition in Islamic world and was translated into several languages.
Maulana Maudoodi's vision about the word Muslim was very vast, according to him the word Muslim not only applies to human beings but also on everything in Universe because everything in universe submits to Allah and obeys.