What is AIDS?
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system that is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). AIDS disrupts the human immune system, the defence mechanism of human body that helps to resist harmful germs from attacking the body, and makes people vulnerable to many infections, including opportunistic infections and tumours. This susceptibility to catch many infectious disorders gets worse as the disease continues.
How AIDS Spreads?
AIDS is spread through the transmission of HIV via any external source. HIV is transmitted in many ways, such as anal, vaginal or oral sex, blood transfusion, contaminated hypodermic needles, exchange between mother and baby during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.
It can also be transmitted by any contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid that has the virus in it, such as the blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, or breast milk from an infected person.
Symptoms of AIDS
After HIV attacks the human body, the body starts showing symptoms like major weight loss, chronic diarrhea or weakness, and constant or intermittent fever for at least 30 days. Other symptoms include a persistent cough, loss of appetite, swollen glands and dermatitis or skin infection.
Prevention from AIDS
There is no official treatment for AIDS yet; however, it can be prevented by taking necessary measures like vaccination, avoiding sexual intercourse, oral, anal or vaginal, with any stranger or the AIDS patient.
One must be very careful while having blood transfusion. Always ask for HIV free blood whenever needed. The hospitals and laboratories should make sure that the blood they get from donors is, by all means, not contaminated with HIV or any other syndrome.
Always make sure to use sterilised surgical instruments and syringes while injecting or operating. Barbers should sterilise their cutting and shaving instruments every time they go for cutting or shaving.