High Blood Pressure ( Risks, Prevention and Treatment)
In Pakistan high blood pressure is a rapidly spreading disease and one out of 5 adults over the age of 40 can have high blood pressure. This is known as essential hypertension. Hypertension is caused by inheritance (genetically developed problems); Imbalanced diet, especially a high salt diet; obesity; lack of exercise; and in many cases excessive alcohol consumption. A very small number of people have hypertension due to another disease. Kidney function problems, some endocrine malfunctioning and somedrugs (such as medicines for arthritis and birth control pills) can become the reason for what is known as secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is best treated by treating the root causes.
The long-term effects of hypertension are heart diseases such as heart attack, heart beat or rhythm imbalance, congestive heart failure and stroke (Paralysis). Kidneyfailure can also be the result of long-term high blood pressure disease.
Essential high blood pressure is one of the most common problems among adults in Pakistan and also in rest of the world. This is due to the aging of the population and obesity epidemic.
Now we come to the components of blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the highest pressure in the arteries when the heart has contracted. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure on arteries when the heart relaxes. They are measured in the unit called as mmHg (for millimeters of mercury). The definition of normal blood pressure that has been agreed upon by a number of medical societies is a number of measurements as following:
• Normal blood pressure: systolic should be less than 120 mmHg and diastolic less than 80 mmHg
• Prehypertension: systolic pressure should be 120-139 mmHg or diastolic 80-89 mmHg
Stage 1: systolic pressure is 140-159 mmHg or diastolic 90-99 mmHg
Stage 2: systolic pressure is equal to or greater than 160 or diastolic equal to or greater than 100 mmHg
The general treatment of high blood pressure should be such as that the blood pressure remains below a systolic of 140 and a diastolic of 90. It is also taken care of that diastolic blood pressures be kept above 65 mmHg, because going below that level can increase the risk of some types of stroke, especially among old people.
A number of drugs are available in the market to treat high blood pressure. They have their own specific effects and actions. Some are good for mild to moderate
hypertension; others are reserved for more severe diseases. Some patients are in need of two or three drugs to control their blood pressure. Interestingly, studies show that a great number of people depend only on medicines to control hypertension and usually lethargic to adopt a healthy life style with exercise and balanced diet. It requires a medical examination by a physician to diagnose high blood pressure and is treated with medications that must be taken every day without lapse and sometimes these medicines lower the quality of life. Doctors also prescribe diuretic to force the patients to urinate frequently and so their blood pressure comesdown by doing so but Some patients are inconvenienced by having to urinate frequently due to adiuretic, and also by constipation due to a calcium channel blocker orby impotence or by felling lightheadedness due to an alpha or beta blocker.
Stress from overwork and other conditions can increase blood pressure and your retirement may be helping to lower your blood pressure. Changes in diet habits, weightloss and exercise have also been acclaimed to lower blood pressure and decrease the need for hypertensive medication.
Now a popular question: that whether a person can give up blood pressure and live healthy without medications once his blood pressure is restored to a normal level by medicines, the answer according to my opinion is that if a person had a mild hypertension then this is quite possible that you gradually increase the gap in doses and subsequently give up the medicines and adopt natural and balanced diet and take regular exercise, but if you have a permanent stage 2 hypertension then its notadvisable to giveup the medicines without consulting your qualified physician as if you give up the medicine and you face some emergency then it can be dangerous and sometimes fatal. So if you want to give up the medicines then do it according to the advice of your physician.
The natural foods which can be helpful in controlling hypertension are garlic, Avocado, Kiwi, Bananas, soybeans, Spinach, kidney beans or any beans, baked white potatoes, dark chocolate (in a little quantity daily), unsalted sunflower seeds, skim milk, cucumbers, pomegranate, Olive oil, grapes, orange, Bell pepper, Apple, Carrots, Cherries and whole grains.
Aik boht sada sa usool hai kay aap apni zindagi ko enjoy kar saktay hain, Achi aur mutwazan Ghiza aur munasib warzish aur fikar aur pareshani say khud ko bacha kar. Aap jo kutch khatay hain wohi aap ki zaat ka hissa banta hai. Isliyay zindagi miana rawi aur qudrat kay asoolon kay mutabiq guzarnay main hi aap ki bahtari hai.