Multan is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province on the east bank of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic centre of the country and about 562 km (349 mi) from Islamabad, 356 km (221 mi) from Lahore and 966 km (600 mi) from Karachi. Multan District has a population of over 4.5 million.
History: The earliest history of Multan fades away in the mists of mystery and mythology. Most of the historians, however agree that Multan beyond any doubt, is the same Maii-us-than which was conquered by Alexander who faced here tremendous resistance.
History is silent for more than six centuries that is until 454 A.D. when White Huns, the barbarous nomads, stormed Multan under the banner of their leader Torman. After a fierce fight they conquered but did not stay for long and Hindu rule continued once again for about two hundred years.
Mohammad Bin Qasim, the great Muslim general invaded this subcontinent in 712 A.D., and conquered Sind and Multan. The city was conquered after a fierce and long battle which lasted for seven days.
In the periods, of Caliph Mansoor (800-900 AD), and Moatasim Billa, Multan was attacked by Arabs several times.
Mahmood Ghaznavi attacked Multan for the first time – conquered it and demolished many Hindu temples. He demolished the famous 'Sun Mandir' also. Mahmood Ghaznavi attacked Multan for the second time during 1010 A.D. and conquered it but did not stay for long. Present Day Multan:
Multan is known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinah-Tul-Oleyah due to the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is full of bazaars, mosques, shrines and ornate tombs. It is located in a bend created by five rivers of the Punjab province. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh. The city has grown to become an influential political and economical center for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links. Multan is famous for its crops: wheat, cotton and sugar cane as well as mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranates.
A circular road around the fortification gave access to the city through thirteen gates. Some of the imposing structures of these gates are still preserved. In the bazaars of the Old City one still comes across tiny shops where craftsmen can be seen busy turning out master-pieces in copper, brass, silver as well as textiles in the traditional fashion.
The Shams-e Tabriz (R.A) shrine is built almost entirely of sky-blue engraved glazed bricks. That of Shah Rukn-e Alam (R.A) (Tughlaq period) has one of the biggest domes in Asia. The shrine of Sheikh Yusuf Gardez (R.A) is masterpiece of the Multani style. Other shrines include the Pahladpuri Temple and the Idgah Mosque (1735).
Mangoes of Shujabad district of Multan Division are the best in the world. Multani khussa (shoes); embroidered clothes for ladies; embroidered cholas for men; earthenware pottery, painted potter, camel skin ware (e.g. lamps); carpets wooden products, especial lacquered wood. Since the introduction of the local government system in 2001 the city has been governed through Nazim system. Multan is spread over an area of 3,721 square kilometers, comprising four tehsils: Multan Cantonment, Multan Sadar, Shujabad and Jalalpur Pirwala. In 2005 Multan was reorganized as a City District composed of six autonomous towns:
Shah Rukan e Alam
Punjabi (including the Seraiki Dialect) is the major language of the district but other languages e.g Haryanvi, Balochi, Pashto, Sindhi, Urdu also are spoken by a less significant number of people.
Famous Shrines of Multan:
Shrine- Jamal-ud-Din Syed "Shah Yousaf Gardez" (R.A)
Shrine-Bahauddin Zakria (R.A)
Shrine-Bibi Pak Daman (R.A)
Shrine-Shah Rukn-e-Alam (R.A)
Shrine-Syed Shams-ud-din "Shah Shams Sabzwari" (R.A)
Shrine-Hameed-ud-Din Hakim (R.A)
Shrine-Qutab-al-qutaab "Moj Dariya" (R.A)
Shrine-Syed Pir Sakhi Shah Hassan Parwana (R.A)
Shrine-Qazi Qutab-ud-Din Kashani (R.A)
Shrine-Syed Hasan Khanjzee (R.A)
Shrine-Hazrat Shah Dana Shaheed (R.A)
Shrine-Abu Hassan Hafiz Jamal-ud-din "Musa Pak Shaheed" (R.A)
Shrine-Hazrat Shah Kamal Qadari (R.A)
Shrine-Hafiz Muhammad Jamal Chisti Nazami (R.A)
Shrine-Pir Chup Wardi Waly (R.A)
Shrine-Mollana Hamid Ali Khan Naqshbandi (R.A)
Shrine-Allama Syed Ahmad Saeed Kazmi (R.A)
Shrine-Hazrat Khawaja Awais Khagga (R.A)
Shrine-Pir Syed Wali Muhammad Shah(Chadar Wali Sarkar) (R.A)
Shrine-Hazrat Gul Shah (R.A)
Other Important Places:
Mohammad Khan Wali Mosque
Multan Cricket Stadium
Chenab River Bank, Multan – Muzzaffargarh Highway.
Cantonment Park, Near Multan Garrison. 0600-2100. A boutique park with sub-sections of theme gardens, there is a Japanese garden, palm garden, rose garden a cactus garden so on and so forth.
Hussain Agahi Bazar. This is more of an all-in-one Bazar.
Multani Mitti 'Multani clay' is used as Mass.
Camel skin lamp shades.
Notable people from Multan
Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder and first king of Afghanistan.
Amjad Islam Amjad, poet and drama writer, born in Multan.
Inzamam-ul-Haq, Pakistani cricketer.
Javed Hashmi of PML-N, first MNA, elected eight times.
Jinnahbhai Poonja, father of Quaid-E-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, born in Multan
Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani
Sadiq Hussain Qureshi of Pakistan Peoples Party, former Governor and Chief Minister of Punjab
Sahibzada Farooq Ali, former Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan
Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Foreign Minister of Pakistan
Shaikh Amin bin Abdul Rehman, founder of Idrisiyya sufi order in Pakistan.
Sheikh Muhammad Tahir Rasheed, Central Vice President of the Pakistan Muslim League
Yousaf Raza Gillani, 26th Prime Minister of Pakistan
Mirza Aziz Akbar Baig, Former Vice Chairman of Pakistan Bar Council.
Multan has a friendship agreement with two cities in the world as of 2009:
Italy Rome, Italy
Turkey Konya, Turkey